spiralling ecological footprints

The ecological foot print of an average Keralite is very high due to the following reasons.

1. The food he consumes is manufactured or cultivated outside Kerala and fossil fuel is burnt to transport the same. More forest land is required to sequestrate the carbon dioxide discharged during burning. (fossil fuel foot print is evaluated based on the assimilative capacity of the environment)

2. As the settlement pattern is scattered huge energy is wasted on transportation to reach the human development prone centers, again leading to more fossil fuel consumption, which is either shouldered by individual or by government. 'Kerala State Road Transport Corporation' is not profitable in Kerala and the reason may be the un-viable number of passengers, as population concentration phenomenon is very meagre.

3. Due to scattered settlement pattern 'built up area / land' foot print is very high as scattering of built up area reduce the productivity of the intermittent land (which remains under performing or non-performing). The high electrical distribution losses prevail in Kerala as distribution lines are covered in non-performing areas also.

4. The economic base of Kerala is the remittances of Non-Resident Keralites (NRKs). The energy foot print of a non-resident Keralite is high as he often depends on air travel to reach the home land burning huge amount of fossil fuel.

5. High labour charges prevalent in Kerala also may be due to high per capita ecological footprint and they are spending lion's share of their income for transportation. From all the above the EFp of a Keralite is very high which can be a comparable figure to the EFp of developed countries while enjoying less comfort than the people in developed countries.