KOCHI UA AND GKMA




Until 1991 census there was no area in Kerala having a million plus population. As per 1991 census of India, Kochi is included as a 'million plus' city considering the population of KOCHI URBAN AGGLOMERATION which spreads over an area of 373.30 sqkms. Subsequent to this, Government of Kerala declared GREATER KOCHI METROPOLITAN AREA in 1995, While other million plus UAs of the nation is having a substantial core population, Kochi UA graph has a small hump at the core area and is flat towards the periphery.

In the case of Kochi the original jurisdictional area of Greater Cochin Development Authority (732 sqkm), is included in the metropolitan area. Decade after decade urban agglomeration area of Kochi is expanding and is going beyond the metropolitan declared area with a reduction in residential density. This is due to the lack of effective policies to contain the population, to reduce transportation cost, save farm land which in turn saves forest land and to limit the infrastructure cost. Kochi UA is the bread winner of the state as major share of the states revenue is collected from Kochi UA.

Chart 3.a(i) Area, Population and density of Kochi UA

 

1981

1991

2001

area (sqkm)

182.24

373.27

452.64

population

686,000

1140605

1355972

density (ppsqkm)

3764

3056

2996

Chart 3.a(ii)Area, Population and density of GKMA

 

1981

1991

2001

area (sqkm)

731.31

731.31

731.31

population

1481494

1660273

1819335

density (ppsqkm)

2026

2268

2483

 


If the productivity criterion of census of India is set apart, it is estimated that major portion of Kerala is urban. All this depict the unsustainable development paradigm of Kerala which lacks efficiency. Effective policies and legislative tools are the need of the hour.